： (Porcelain, Dehua)
Ancient porcelains in Fujian Province are very famous, especially the black one of Jianyang in the Song Dynasty and the white one of Dehua in the Ming Dynasty. The black porcelain from Jianyang kiln and the white porcelain from Dehua kiln are frequently mentioned in the ceramic books or papers because they represent the highest achievements of Fujian ceramic art. Dehua is located in the northern part of Quanzhou, Fujian Province and is one of the birthplaces of Chinese and even the world ceramic art, enjoying a high reputation as one of the “Three Porcelain Capitals” in China and as Blanc-de-Chine in the west. Dehua porcelain has a very important position and great influence on the history of ceramics in the world. Dehua kiln dates back to the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, and Dehua is one of the birthplaces of the ancient blue porcelain in the southern China. It developed rapidly in Tang and Five Dynasties and flourished in Song and Yuan Dynasties when numerous porcelain products were exported overseas via the Maritime Silk Route. Ming and Qing Dynasties saw the heyday of Dehua kiln, during which, the white porcelain from Dehua kiln had developed its own techniques and styles and enjoyed a high fame; for example, the white porcelain figure statuaries made by He Chaozong—a celebrated early 17th-century Chinese potter, fashioning mainly Buddhist white porcelain statuary in the tradition of Dehua kilns. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Blue and white porcelain products were also very popular and sold overseas because of their unique charm. In late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China, Dehua kiln still proved its value by its spectacular porcelain products. At present, Dehua kiln inherits the traditional production techniques and demonstrates fresh look as well.
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