： (Qing dynasty, Heilongjiang, Treasures)
The Qing dynasty, the last of China’s feudal dynasties, wasalso the second dynasty founded and reigned over by minority rulers (Northeast Manchus), and its social productivity developed in unprecedented manner. The treasures on display includeimportantroyal elements, reveal the sumptuous royal life in the heyday of the dynasty, give expression to the elegant culture that reigned, and reflect its splendid achievements in arts and crafts. Costumes The Qing costumes, based on Manchu clothing and incorporating elements of the Chinese costume system, displaydistinctive features in terms of era and ethnicity. The official costumes are particularly typical of the traditional costume system. Both the costume art and silk fabric craft of the period reached apinnacle in Chinese history. Arts and Crafts Qing dynasty art enjoyed enormous progress, with the traditional crafts of several thousand years carried forward, and entered a prime stage under the Qianlong Emperor. Skill progressed in the production of silk fabrics and lacquerwares, which had unique ethnic features along with innovations, rich in varietyand pattern design. Jades Having been passed down and elevated over thousands of years, the skill ofmaking jade, recognized as quintessentially Chinese, haddeveloped to the highest level during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The skills in the Qing period usedthe traditional Chinese crafts of line engraving, relief, circular engravure and carving, and incorporated the highly developed painting and sculpture techniques of the period. They hence represented the highest accomplishments in jade carving in ancient China.
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