： (King of Chu, Han Dynasty, Xuzhou)
Xuzhou (called Pengcheng in history) clutched Qi and Lu states in the north, and controlled Wu and Yue states in the south; it was the battlefield ever since the ancient times. Not only was it the cradle of peasant uprising in late Qin Dynasty, but also the hometown of Liu Bang, the first emperor of Han Dynasty. Pengcheng witnessed 12 kings of Chu in about 190 years. The tombs of the 12 kings distribute in Xuzhou and 16 tombs of kings or queens of Chu have been discovered in 8 places. Han Dynasty is the first prosperous and long-lasting unified feudal dynasty in Chinese history. Xuzhou is an important fief state in Han, and the unearthed relics demonstrate the power of state and relative independence of principality. These relics are also of considerable value and significant meaning in the study of tombs construction and layout, and of funeral rites in Han Dynasty.
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