Chinese ceramics is the general term used for pottery and porcelain.The Chinese invented pottery as early as around 8000-2000 BC (Neolithic Age). The history of the development of ceramics is an important part of the history of Chinese civilization. Porcelain is so highly associated with China that it is still called "china" in English.This exhibition showcases the various artistic styles and technical characteristics in history of Chinese ceramics throughout different dynasties and different kilns.
“Ivory white” or “lard white” porcelain traditionally referred to Dehua White porcelain of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Dehua kilns are located in Dehua County in the middle of Fujian Province. As early as the Tang and Song Dynasties, bluish white porcelain and white porcelain began to be fired. From the middle of the Ming Dynasty, techniques improved and Dehua kilns started to fire white porcelain, with a body and glaze of fine white, pure and crystalline, gentle and smooth—hence the nicknames “ivory white” and “lard white”. Among the Dehua white porcelain objects, Buddhist and Taoist figures are the most well-known. These figures are reserved in expression and graceful in costume, with a clear, flowing texture. During the Song and Yuan Dynasties, bluish white and white porcelain wares were exported in large quantities to Southeast Asia, and during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, they were even exported to Europe in great numbers as well. Europeans adored the gentle white and smoothness of the wares, and they made practical use of them or took them as decorations; Dehua white porcelain thus became known as “Blanc de Chine”.
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